Our hotel Monte Puertatierra is located to the Puerta de Tierra archaeological monument.
One of Cádiz’s most important icons and a real symbol of the city, it forms part of the city’s monuments along with many other architectural elements. The Puerta de Tierra physically separates the historical centre, known as ‘Cádiz, Cádiz’ from the modern area of the city, popularly know as ‘Puerta Tierra’ or ‘Extramuros’.
The origins of the Puerta Tierra go back to the 16th century, although its appearance has changed over the centuries. At first it was a simple medieval enclosure that the city outgrew.
In 1574 the first extension was undertaken, with the construction of two bastions, although prior to that a wall was built, of which the ancient gate still remains that can be seen built into the current wall. It did not take on its current appearance until the 18th century.
A tower was built in the centre of the complex, with the marble-framed gate to the city at its base. On the façade facing the historical centre, a marble portico was constructed in the shape of a triumphal arch, with overtones that are rather more religious than military. On both sides of the walls we can see the bastions of San Roque and Santa Elena, so named because they face two nearby chapels that were demolished in the 18th century to make way for the barracks built inside the complex.
It should be mentioned that the central tower was built in 1850 as tower no. 57 of the optical telegraph line of Andalusia, which could be used to send messages in just 2 hours (weather permitting) from the Ministry of Governance in Madrid all the way to Cádiz. Until the end of the 19th century the tower was known as Mathé Tower after the director of the optical telegraph line and founder of the Telegraph Corps.
During the first half of the 20th century, as the city expanded outside the walls, the idea of demolishing the tower was considered. Fortunately, this proposal never took place; instead the moats were filled in and two large arches were opened to allow vehicles to access.
In the middle of the esplanade two marble columns dedicated to the city’s patron saints San Servando and San Germán were erected, built in Genoa in the 18th century.
In 2013, the tower, central arch and upper walkway were reopened to the public.
The Puertas de Tierra is a true symbol of Cádiz and is depicted throughout the city. We also include it in the name of our establishment, Hotel Monte Puertatierra, due to its proximity; just 9 minutes away by foot.